[1]尹涛,邓丽君.自我行为法律效力之初探——以《民法典》第168条解释论为中心[J].泉州师范学院学报,2021,(01):14-18.
 YIN Tao,DENG Lijun.A Preliminary Study on the Legal Effect of Self-behavior: Focusing on the Theory of Interpretation in Article 168 of the General Provisions of Civil Law[J].,2021,(01):14-18.
点击复制

自我行为法律效力之初探——以《民法典》第168条解释论为中心()
分享到:

《泉州师范学院学报》[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2021年01期
页码:
14-18
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-02-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Preliminary Study on the Legal Effect of Self-behavior: Focusing on the Theory of Interpretation in Article 168 of the General Provisions of Civil Law
文章编号:
1009-8224(2021)01-0014-05
作者:
尹涛1邓丽君2
1.泉州师范学院 商学院,福建 泉州 362000; 2.泉州海洋职业学院,福建 泉州 362000
Author(s):
YIN Tao1DENG Lijun2
1.Business school,Quanzhou Normal University, Fujian 362000, China; 2.Quanzhou Ocean Institute,Fujian 362000, China
关键词:
自我行为 文义解释 体系解释 《民法典》
Keywords:
self-behavior interpretation of meaning system interpretation the General Provisions of Civil Law
分类号:
D923.1
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
代理法中的自我行为因其普遍存在着利益冲突,各国法律对自我行为都作出了禁止性规定。自我行为又可分为自己代理和双方代理,我国《民法典》第168条对自己代理和双方代理进行了禁止,但并未规定自我行为的法律效力为何,故我国学界和司法实践对于自我行为的法律效力存在着争议,主要有无效、可撤销及效力待定三种观点。对于法律的解释应以规范条文之文义为出发点,同时通过与其他条文之间的体系解释,探求规范之意旨。《民法典》第168条的规范意旨在于保护本人之利益,防止自我代理行为所存在的利益冲突对本人造成的损害。通过文义、体系、目的三大基本解释要素对我国《民法典》第168条进行解释,可推知自我行为在我国实证法中应采效力待定观点。
Abstract:
Because of the conflict of interests, the self-behavior in the agency law is prohibited by the laws of various countries. Self-behaviors can be divided into self-agent and agents from both sides, China’s General Provisions Civil Law Article 168 of self-agent and agents from both sides are prohibited, but it does not specify the legal effect of self-behavior, so China’s theory and judicial practice for the legal effect of self-behavior is controversial. There are three main viewpoints of invalidity, revocability and effect to be determined. The interpretation of the law should take the text of the normative provisions as the starting point; and at the same time, through the system interpretation between the other provisions; and more importantly, to explore the intention of the norms, article 168 of the General Provisions of Civil Law is intended to protect my interests and prevent the self-agency behavior of the conflict of interest caused to me. By interpreting Article 168 of the General Provisions of Civil Law of our country through the three basic elements of interpretation of meaning, system and purpose, it can be inferred that self-behavior should be effective in our country’s empirical law.

参考文献/References:

[1] 朱庆育.民法总论[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2016.
[2] [德]迪特尔·梅迪库斯.德国民法总论[M].邵建东,译. 北京:法律出版社,2013.
[3] 汪渊志.代理法论[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2015.
[4] [日]富井政章.民法原论[M].陈海瀛,陈海超,译.北京:中国政法大学出版社,2003.
[5] 耿林,崔建远.民法总则应当如何设计代理制度[J].法律适用,2016(5):56-61.
[6] 梁慧星.中国民法典草案建议稿附理由[M].北京:法律出版社,2013.
[7] 王泽鉴.民法总则[M].北京:北京大学出版社,2014.
[8] [奥]恩斯特·A·克莱默.法律方法论[M].周万里,译.北京:法律出版社,2019.
[9] 迟颖.自我行为中的利益冲突及其规制——《民法总则》第168条解释论[J].河北法学,2019(10):103-104.
[10] 孙建.对代理法中若干问题的探讨[J].南开学报(哲学社会科学版),2000(1):66-71.
[11] 陈甦.民法总则评注[M].北京:法律出版社,2017.
[12] 胡长清.中国民法总论[M].北京:中国政法大学出版社,1997.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-02-01
作者简介:尹涛(1973-),男,讲师,硕士,主要从事公司法、股权投资研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-02-15